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Old photos of Almaty (Zailiyskiy, Verny, Alma-Ata)
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Countries of World | Cities of Kazakhstan

History of city Almaty (Zailiyskiy, Verny, Alma-Ata) in photos

A small historical reference

In VII-IX centuries on the territory of modern Almaty were several small settlements, one of which was supposedly called Almaty (Almaty) and is located on the Great Silk Road. In the X-XIV centuries. Alma-Ata became one of the commercial, craft and agricultural centers on the Silk Road, city, that has mint. In 1918, the city with the area became part of the Turkestan autonomy (Turkestan ASSR) within the RSFSR. February 5, 1921 it was decided to rename city Verny in Alma-Ata.

The first capital of Kazakhstan in 1916-1920 was the city of Semipalatinsk, at this time Alash Kala. Alma-Ata (until 1927 - Zailiyskiy, Verny) called the "second capital" or "southern capital". In the period from 1929 to 1936 the Alma-Ata became the capital Kazakh ASSR, from 1936 to 1991 - the capital of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, from 1991 to 1997 - the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The date of foundation of the city is February 4, 1854, when the government of the Russian Empire, it was decided to construct on the left bank of the river Small Almaty military settlement - the city Verny.

Almaty. Government House of the Kazakh SSR, circa 1960
Government House of the Kazakh SSR, circa 1960
Almaty. Main Post Office, circa 1950
Main Post Office, circa 1950
Almaty. Palace of Labor, circa 1940's
Palace of Labor, circa 1940's
Almaty. Cinema 'Alatau', circa 1940's
Cinema "Alatau", circa 1940's
Almaty. Club 'National minorities' (former mosque)
Club "National minorities" (former mosque)
Almaty. Narynskaya street, traces of the mudflow 1921, 1923
Narynskaya street, traces of the mudflow 1921, 1923
Almaty. Narynskaya street, circa 1930's
Narynskaya street, circa 1930's
Almaty. Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Almaty. Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Almaty. Park of Federation, circa 1930's
Park of Federation, circa 1930's
Almaty. Crossroads of streets Gorky and Marx
Crossroads of streets Gorky and Marx
Almaty. The first public bath on the street Sergiopolskoy, 1930
The first public bath on the street Sergiopolskoy, 1930
Almaty. Avenue Abay, circa 1970
Avenue Abay, circa 1970
Almaty. Pushkinskiy Park, 1915
Pushkinskiy Park, 1915
Almaty. Street M. Gorky, the school № 54, circa 1950's
Street M. Gorky, the school № 54, circa 1950's
Almaty. Karl Marx Street, traces of the mudflow, 1921
Karl Marx Street, traces of the mudflow, 1921
Almaty. Shopping street, 1930
Shopping street, 1930
Almaty. Shopping street
Shopping street
Almaty. Department store of consumer society
Department store of consumer society on the corner of streets Torgovaya and Kopalskaya
Almaty. High mountain skating rink
High mountain skating rink "Medeo", 1974
Almaty. The building of female gymnasium
The building of female gymnasium
Almaty. Railway station Almaty II, 1940
Railway station Almaty II, 1940
Almaty. Women's Gymnasium
Women's Gymnasium
Almaty. Women's Gymnasium
Women's Gymnasium

Countries of World | Cities of Kazakhstan

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