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Old photos of Port Macquarie, New South Wales
 

Countries of World | Cities of Australia

History of city Port Macquarie, New South Wales in photos

A small historical reference

Geography: Port Macquarie - is a town in the local government area of Port Macquarie-Hastings. It is located on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales, Australia, about 390 km (242 mi) north of Sydney, and 570 km (354 mi) south of Brisbane. The town is located on the coast, at the mouth of the Hastings River, and at the eastern end of the Oxley Highway (B56). (Wiki)

Date of foundation: 1821

History: In 1821, Port Macquarie was founded as a penal settlement, replacing Newcastle as the destination for convicts who had committed secondary crimes in New South Wales. Newcastle, which had fulfilled this role for the previous two decades, had lost the features required for a place for dumping irredeemable criminals, that being isolation, which was lost as the Hunter Region was opened up to farmers, and large amounts of hard labour, which had diminished as the cedar in the area ran out and the settlement grew in size. Port Macquarie, however, with its thick bush, tough terrain and local aborigines that were keen to return escaping prisoners in return for tobacco and blankets, provided large amounts of both isolation and hard labour to keep the criminals in control.

In 1823 the first sugar cane to be cultivated in Australia was planted there. The region was first opened to settlers in 1830 and later on in the decade the penal settlement was closed in favour of a new penal settlement at Moreton Bay. Settlers quickly took advantage of the area's good pastoral land, timber resources and fisheries.

Population: 44 875

Port Macquarie. Arrival of 'North Coasters' recruiting march
Arrival of 'North Coasters' recruiting march in Port Macquarie during World War I, 1916
Port Macquarie. Baker and Grocer Store
Baker and Grocer Store in Horton Street, circa 1890
Port Macquarie. Couples dancing around maypole
Couples dancing around maypole
Port Macquarie. Edwards corner looking down Gordon Street
Edwards corner looking down Gordon Street, decorated for Governor Rawson's visit, 1903
Port Macquarie. Welcome arch
Welcome arch for visit of Governor Harry Rawson in Gordon Street, 1903
Port Macquarie. Families swimming
Families swimming
Port Macquarie. Horton Street
Horton Street, D. Stewart and Co Cash Store, circa 1900
Port Macquarie. News Office, circa 1890
News Office, circa 1890
Hospital in Port Macquarie
Hospital in Port Macquarie, circa 1905
Hospital in Port Macquarie
Hospital in Port Macquarie
The Building of Port Macquarie
The Building of Port Macquarie, 13 September 1884
Port Macquarie. The first Blacksmith and Wheelwright
The first Blacksmith and Wheelwright, 1896
Port Macquarie. View of Clarence Street looking east
View of Clarence Street looking east from Horton Street intersection, circa 1880
Port Macquarie. View looking down Clarence Street
View looking down Clarence Street, circa 1870
Port Macquarie. View of town showing back of Royal Hotel
View of town showing back of Royal Hotel and old Court House, circa 1870
Port Macquarie. Wharf, showing old Royal Hotel
Wharf, showing old Royal Hotel before it burnt down, circa 1870

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